Questionnaire away from puffing knowledge, thinking and exercise at school pupils for the Honduras

Richard T Hamner, Steven H Stumpf, Survey away from puffing degree, perceptions and exercise at school people within the Honduras, Family relations Routine, Volume 18, Point 6, pra/18.six.627


Procedures. An excellent several-goods questionnaire are administered on class so you can fifth and you will 6th amount youngsters. The main result steps was in fact a description from group issues, private smoking sense, experience in health problems, thinking on cigarette smoking and you can understood sources of suggestions.

Show. A maximum of 225 children had been surveyed. The majority had been aware that smoking is damaging to wellness, and more than claimed never with used. Really viewed smoking because unattractive. Friends have been selected due to the fact biggest supply of recommendations.

Results. Youngsters of this type away from Honduras are aware of the health problems regarding smoking to discover puffing given that unattractive.

Hamner RT and you may Stumpf SH. Survey out-of smoking degree, thinking and practice in school students from inside the Honduras. Household members Behavior 2001; 18: 627–628.


The nation is in the center from a tobacco epidemic as the multinational cig enterprises seek out the new development industry to restore diminishing places from inside the developed countries. step 1 It is predict you to inside basic one-fourth 100 years, exactly how many cigarette smokers increase of the a half billion, plus the amount of annual tobacco cigarette-related deaths have a tendency to more triple so you can ten million, with development places suffering the number one perception. dos

China, the greatest market getting tobacco, was “reported to be in an early stage of the tobacco epidemic”. step three Latin America have lagged trailing Asia during the economic progress. Honduras is among the poorest regions regarding the west hemisphere. Lower than step one% out of to another country cigarette smoking conversion would be to Latin The usa into the 1988. 4 It’s been recommended that development countries on the earliest amounts will be the very rewarding areas having precautionary steps. 5

The essential insidious facet of the smoking industry’s have to make long-identity smokers ‘s the have to target and you can fan pupils. 6 Although there is significantly information regarding for each and every capita puffing cost, you will find a paucity of data out of pupils in the developing countries. The post on the newest literary works produced no equivalent authored studies out-of cig studies, attitudes and exercise from inside the Latin-american school children.


An age-compatible, 12-goods questionnaire was made dealing with cigarette smoking when you look at the four domain names: personal explore; understood fitness feeling; principle resources of pointers; and you will feeling from smoking. Other activities gathered character data. The fresh new survey was given to all or any of your own children within the newest fifth and you can sixth grade kinds whatsoever four universities discovered regarding the Los Pinos area while in the November 1996. Los Pinos is actually a keen impoverished community on outskirts of your investment city of Tegucigalpa. Surveys had been complete anonymously throughout the category go out whenever you are proctored by investigators.


A maximum of 225 surveys have been built-up. Every offered study was examined. There had been a total of 146 (59 men, 87 girls) 5th graders interviewed having a hateful period of eleven age; and you can 79 (30 male, 49 girls) sixth graders that have a mean ages of 12 decades. Survey solutions approaching the brand new five domain names are said for the Dining table 1 .

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Brand new answers did not differ between values account and you will was basically aggregated. Furthermore, the fresh new solutions towards the concerns into sources of suggestions was the fresh new same for both advantages and disadvantages of smoking, thus was basically joint. Since this signifies the outcome from one or two independent questions, only the percent are part of the dining table.

Almost all of the students stated with never smoked and you can know one puffing are harmful to health. Students primarily spotted puffing as unsightly and understood relatives and buddies due to the fact an initial way to obtain recommendations.


Several children surveyed said that have used. The fresh questionnaire is actually unknown however, administerd on the class, and often on professor expose. Such facts may have lead to children perhaps not reporting genuine smoking habits accurately.

Our very own questionnaire conclusions suggest that pre-teenage school children during the Honduras are aware of the health problems posed from the puffing. However, risk sense alone appears to be shortage of to help you deter smoking. On the contrary, some reports inform you chance good sense to be privately, not inversely synchronised so you’re able to puffing costs within the teens. 7

It appears that really youngsters i interviewed haven’t discovered to help you user puffing into allure and machismo represented within the smoking marketing, such as that embodied from inside the ‘Marlboro Man’.

The latest questionnaire implies that friends try a significant resource of data. Equivalent outcomes for sources of details about ‘advantages’ in the place of ‘disadvantages’ from puffing get portray the shortcoming of one’s college students so you’re able to discriminate between such philosophy. Our investigation try restricted to the skill of school-aged youngsters to check on abstract rules, and make well worth judgments regarding the positives and negatives off smoking.

Our very own survey decide to try was brief. Our very own study is minimal further because of the perhaps not handling the ratio away from pupils from inside the Los Pinos who sit in college, or perhaps the portion of people enrolled who had been indeed when you look at the attendance in the course of the new survey. And that the outcome may only reflect this new attitudes of children within college and could not generalizable to all or any regarding the children here.

Expertise in the us and additionally accounts off development places indicate that cigarette smoking taxes and societal health regulations is actually effective deterrents to smoking. 8 In 1987, smoking are prohibited on the strengthening of your Honduran Assistant out-of Fitness. Inside 1988, a nationwide panel try designed to promote puffing cessation and cures.

It’s encouraging to get you to school children i interviewed in the Honduras are aware of the health risks regarding the smoking. We must still secure the statutes during the developing places one regulation possesses the latest puffing epidemic. Particularly productive seems getting strategies you to definitely include college students out-of smoke paign up against puffing is defuse a community wellness date-bomb earlier will get an overwhelming societal fitness crisis.